In presence of former Minister of State at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, H.E. Prof. Dr. Christoph Zöpel (SPD), and former Member of the German Parliament, Lale Akgün (SPD), around 50 urban experts gathered at the 4th conference on sustainable and urban development in the MENA region organized by FES. Urban planners, civil society experts, architects as well as local policy-makers discussed together the different aspects of a sustainable and social urban future for the MENA region. In three panels, experts discussed the implications of Habitat III, COP 22 and the SDG-Process on local urban development and how cities can increase their social resilience.
Following up on these international developments, experts addressed lacks in urban development and planning in the MENA region. A follow-up on the local and national level is needed in order to use the transformative power of cities to tackle climate change and to overcome social injustice in that particular region. Experts agreed that, although cities are too often sidelined, the key to a sustainable and increased social development lies in cities accounting for around 70% of the overall population in the MENA region.
In a panel, participants discussed negative effects of ‘the neoliberal turn’ on cities in the MENA region and how neoliberal policies have transformed these cities. Urban inequality and inequality in access or inexistence of public space in cities in the region were also presented. Another panel discussed the need for suitable and progressive policies for functioning public transportation systems in different Mega-Cities in the MENA region. Cairo, Amman, Beirut, Casablanca and their citizens are suffering from either poor or non-existing public transportation systems. Since transportation accounts in most cities for around 40% of CO2 emissions, integrating and further developing public transportation in order to reduce emissions is a way to tackle climate change in the MENA region.
The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has a network of nine offices in the MENA region and implements projects in a total of 13 countries. Some offices, such as Egypt or Sudan, look back at a history of more than 40 years of cooperation.