A Return to Diplomacy

A Joe Biden administration would likely make an early diplomatic push to ease tensions with Iran. Biden has said he favors the United States rejoining the nuclear deal if Iran also returns to full compliance. in that case, Tehran demands reliable sanctions relief and compensation for the economic fall-out of U.S. sanctions. During the U.S. transition, Europe would need to shift quickly from trying to save the nuclear deal to forging a new transatlantic approach to Tehran, helping kickstart U.S.- Iranian negotiations. To immediately de-escalate tensions, Iran and the United States could pursue a phased approach, pushing more complex issues to a later date.


To tackle the security challenges in the Maghreb: Focus on regional development!

Today, the Greater Maghreb is a geographical, social and ethnic reality. But, at the same time, it is also a denial of a political and economic reality. Composed of five states - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania - the region is a bridge between Northwest Africa and Europe and therefore is perceived as a transit zone for illegal migration, drug trafficking and terrorism to enter the European Union (EU). Thus, EU members often regard the Greater Maghreb as a threat, which has severe consequences in regard to support mechanisms for the region.


Feminist Critique of Neoliberalism in the MENA region

This publication looks at the gendered outcomes of the adoption of neoliberal policies across counties in the Middle East and North Africa and explores what a feminist economic strategy could look like in the region.


Feminist Perspectives on the Green Economy in the MENA Region

Research shows that the transition to a green economy will boost job creation; the global net job creation, considering losses from traditional energy sectors, will amount to 24 million jobs according to the ILO.


Sustainable events management guide

This is a guide for sustainable events management to reduce the environmental, social and economic impact of events, in response to the ISO MENA STAR project, to dedicate the role of the private sector in the implementation of ISO standards in sustainable development in the Middle East and North Africa, the guide contains four main components: First: a sustainable management system as per the 2012 / ISO 20121 standards, with management models for the main steps of the system. Also it covers the stages of planning, implementation, performance auditing, and taking corrective and improvement measures, also management models were employed to facilitate the implementation of the system and document all implementation steps, to guarantee the quality of performance and the ability to review and deal with variables during implementation, including continuous development and improvement. Second: Implementation and auditing procedures lists to manage the main activities in the events to reduce their environmental, social and economic impact. Third: Visual communication with the target groups during the event, and tools used to implement the procedures. Fourth: A sample for the waste management plan before, during, and after the end of the activity, with waste management and tracking samples....


Leveraging urban resilience for sustainable cities in the Arab world

The urban environment of cities plays a major role in shaping the way we live and work. In a highly urbanized world, the urban environment has become a fundamental component to how we use our resources, how we develop our economies, and how we interface with the local and global natural environments. The complex urban systems of global cities play a major role in that. Buildings, for example, determine how much energy and water we use to maintain thermal comfort and wellbeing, while transportation systems regulate the energy required for mobility and how much pollution is emitted in the process. Despite the apparent state of flux in cities, most components of the urban environment have a particularly long lifespan. A road network for example, can last for decades if not centuries, while buildings can have a lifespan of over 50 years. This means that decisions taken in the planning of cities as well as the design of buildings and urban systems continue to shape the sustainability of our cities for decades after they had been taken. It also suggests that if the designed urban environment lacked sustainability, the associated economic development and resource consumption levels can remain locked-in for decades until their urban foundations are addressed. In this context, urban sustainability can be defined as a city’s ability through its location, climate, size, density, and the organization of its urban systems and urban assets, to reduce its overall environmental footprint and its dependence on resources from its surrounding hinterland....


Feminist Perspectives on Care Work in the MENA Region

Since the emergence of capitalism, the care work performed by women has been a pillar that holds the world economy up.


Transformation processes of energy companies

In this short paper we first discuss the transformation of energy companies in Germany, then highlight the possibilities of energy efficiency services and examines the transferability to Jordan, based on the results of a questionnaire among Jordan energy experts. Due to the low level of research knowledge in the specific field, this is an exploratory research approach. NEPCO purchases the electricity produced as single buyer and sells it on to the operators of the distribution networks. In this system, NEPCO bears the full financial risk. The electricity price for end consumers is subsidized based on the profits or losses of the electricity sector as a whole. Due to losses occured by NEPCO in the years 2011/2012 there was a reduction in subsidies. Furthermore, detailed tariff structures depending on consumption have been introduced. One of the current challenges for NEPCO is the fact that more and more customers start producing their own electricity based on photovoltaic systems.


Feminist Visions of the Future of Work - Middle East and North Africa

Tackling the issue of work has never been easy and is getting more complex as our world is getting more complicated every day. The factors that influence and drive our thinking about work are sometimes universal, yet those which influence the way we work are culture-, region-, and/or gender-specific. Changing political, economic, and technological structures also shape the nature of work and its evolution.


Family Law in the MENA Region

This study seeks to shed light on the personal status laws in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia. Each article looks at the origins of the law as well as recent reforms and the affect they have on citizens in general and women in particular. Each article attempts to illuminate the current debates within society and among feminists on family law, proposed reforms and where the government or different (religious) interest groups stand on the issue.



Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastraße 28
10785 Berlin


About FES 

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has a network of eleven country offices in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and implements projects in a total of 14 countries. Some offices, such as Egypt or Sudan, look back at a history of more than 40 years of cooperation.

Offices in the Region

Digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the FES Digital Library. Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication.

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Photo: FES Tunisia


Young Progressive Voices from the MENA Region Advocate for Security Through Regional Cooperation

In 2019, the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) and the Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) selected a distinguished group of progressive young...


Global Green Deals Forum

social.democratic.climate just.