Publications

Short Term Fixes for Long Lasting Troubles: Why IMF Reforms Won’t Solve Egypt’s (Political) Economic Problems

Economic opening and market-based development have dominated Egypt’s economic policy for the last four decades. The economy has grown, but little has been achieved to improve the economic situation of most Egyptians. In the aftermath of the popular uprising of 2011, the international community, international financial institutions, such as the IMF and Egypt’s creditors have aimed to quickly restore economic growth. This has been done mainly at the expense of real and lasting development for Egyptians. However, as Amr Adly argues in this paper, without understanding and addressing the lasting troubles of the Egyptian economy no real development is possible. If this situation persists, international institutions and foreign donors will be called back to safe the economy – like many times before.

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Energy & climate in the MENA region -Youth perspective to a sustainable future

Rising sea levels and more frequent dangerous weather events are among the immediate impacts of climate change already felt across the world. Sadly, these will only become more severe as global average temperature rises. The Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region is the area of the world where climate impacts are most severe. Limiting global warming and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, a priority for the majority of states worldwide, requires that almost all facets of our daily life must be restructured: water, food, buildings, transportation, global trade, etc. The energy sector is the largest source of global GHG emissions, which cause temperatures to rise and climate change to worsen. In these circumstances, renewable energy (RE) is emerging as an alternative to traditional fossil fuels, with these sorts of technologies rapidly improving and becoming more affordable. Thus, the promotion of RE and energy efficiency (EE) is a crucial aspect of the international climate debate and many countries’ national energy policies. The MENA region is blessed with the huge natural potential for solar and wind energy. Furthermore, this region has another important resource: a young population. To achieve a successful, fair, and complete energy transition, countries need agents of change. These agents should be innovative, globally minded, and motivated to work for the future of their country, world, and themselves. Who else but the youth could better assume the mantle of these champions for transformation? Moreover, a project gathering people from the entire region could enhance energy cooperation and dialogue between MENA countries. Through a joint effort, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) and Germanwatch decided to encourage and empower young people from the MENA region to engage in climate and energy policy issues. Thanks to several training programs, young participants from 10 countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen) were able to learn about energy issues and develop a common policy paper on their visions for their region’s energy future. This paper is not only an opportunity for its young authors to present their views, but also a chance for decision makers to learn first hand about the energy future their young citizens envision for the region. We would like to sincerely thank our colleagues from the FES Jordan and Egypt offices, as well as everyone who contributed to the project. A very special thanks goes to the young authors and their fantastic work. We hope they will continue in their engagement with this issue, and that it will lay the foundations for a clean energy future for the region....

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The power resources approach in the MENA region

The main objective of this paper is to present the “Power Resources approach” and explain the potential and the constraints as well as possibilitie for Trade Unions to revitalize. The revitalization of trade unions means also changes in energy and attitudes in addition to knowledge. The Power Resoucres Approch identifies four power resources that can be collectively mobilized by trade unions: associational power, structural power, institutional power and social power. The Power Resources Approch was developed in the Global North but will it work also in non-democratic societies in the Global South. The paper offers some answers and and try to initiate a discussion about the transformation of trade unions in the MENA region.

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Rapport de formation des points focaux des syndicats membres du Réseau Syndical Migrations Méditerranéennes – Subsahariennes (RSMMS)

The workshop with representatives from RSMMS, taking place in Tunis the 6th - 8th of October, aimed to nourish a coordinated inter-regional approach, with the aim of:

- harmonizing the action plan;

- strengthening the presence of unions in the field;

- operationalizing the objectives of the "Casablanca Declaration" that is the founding document of the RSMMS (August 8, 2014).

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Analyse critique du Pacte mondial pour des migrations sûres, ordonnées et régulières, à la base du Plaidoyer du RSMMS

This work provides a critical analysis of the development process of the "Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration – PMM”. It’s part of RSMMS Advocacy (January 2018) allowing to assess a common voice of the RSMMS members in relation to the PMM. The work was done with the support of the PROMIG-FES project (2017-2020).

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Emigrer pour l’emploi : un projet individuel, sans l’appui d’une politique migratoire

This report examines the scale and characteristics of Tunisian emigration and its relation to sectoral public policies. It then presents an in-depth analysis of emigration to France, the Arab countries and other African countries showing how migration corridors via public employment agencies remain underexploited. Finally, the study examines the obstacles to overcome for a migration management within which individual migratory projects are supported by a national migration public policy.

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More unity and solidarity: Two things we need for migration governance in Africa

The article presents the perspective of PROMIG-FES (2017-2020) in relation to the governance of labor migration, highlighting the importance of trade unions as actors in the field of migration. The challenges of migration are complex. In response, the actions require a shared and coordinated strategy suggesting concrete and rights-based alternatives to the security approach dominating the migration management. The article was written based on a trade union mission to Agadez, a crossroads city where European migration policies are confronted with the African realities.

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Towards Socially Just Development in the MENA-Region

The publication „Towards Socially Just Development in the MENA-Region” intends to rekindle debate on economic policy, leftist critique of the economic order and the relation of social justice and economic policy choices in the Middle East and North Africa. Distinguished scholars from the region have worked on chapters ranging from trade and fiscal policies to employment, social protection, investment and environment. Prof. Gilbert Achcar has contributed an analysis of the effects of neoliberal economic policy in the region.

 

All chapters of the book contain analysis, but mainly focus to show potential alternatives and steps forward towards social justice. Only new economic thinking can show a way out of the economic long-term crisis and the political deadlock manifest in most countries of the region. This book understands itself as a first informed comment on economic debate, hoping to provoke larger discussions of the topic.

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Economy and Social Democracy

Arabic Version / The financial and economic crisis was a turning point. The problems that confront us go beyond mere coping with the particular consequences of the crisis, and concern the very foundations of our society. We have to decide today how we want to live and work, not just over the next few years, but over the coming decades. What would a fair and solidarity-based economic order look like? What kind of balance must be found between state and market? How can a modern, value-oriented social democratic economic policy prevail?

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The right to strike struck down?

Arabic Version / The right to strike is under attack. Workers and their unions are fighting on various fronts to obtain, exercise and defend their right to strike. Suspension and prohibition of strikes, acts of interference and sanctions related to strikes are being reported in a growing number of countries. At the international level as well, the right to strike has been coming under increasing pressure.

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Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastraße 28
10785 Berlin

info.nahost(at)fes.de

About FES 

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has a network of eleven country offices in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and implements projects in a total of 14 countries. Some offices, such as Egypt or Sudan, look back at a history of more than 40 years of cooperation.

Offices in the Region

Digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the FES Digital Library. Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication.

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Photo: FES Tunisia

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