Renewable energy in the Arab world

The trend of renewable energy expansion has started to reach also the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. After first experiences have been made since the 80s, more and more countries currently come up with national renewable energy strategies. These ambitious strategies show the will of these countries to shift their energy production from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. In the time of writing, many MENA countries are implementing - or have already realized - a number of large solar and wind power projects. But, will these achievements really be the start of a profound shift to a renewable energy future in the entire region? What lessons can be learnt from past experiences? How can the countries of the region build up institutional capacities and learn from each other?


From energy mess to energy management

Energy policy in Jordan has been in disarray since the 2007-2008 energy crisis and ever since the Cabinet’s endorsement of the 2007-2020 energy strategy in 2004.


Renewable energy transitions in Jordan and the MENA region

Global challenges like energy supply, water scarcity and climate change are strongly interconnected and must be solved in a cross-border approach that needs a common understanding of sustainability principles. For that purpose transnational organizations are needed to address these challenges. Within this publication we have a special focus on Europe and MENA.Sustainable energy visions for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) often follow the narratives of top-down planning approaches, such as large transcontinental power exchange schemes with Europe or prestigious renewable energy roadmaps laid out by national governments in the region. The recent setback of some of these concepts raises the question whether alternative ways exist to portray the transitions of MENA energy systems. We argue that the concept of transition research theory - in particular the multi-level perspective (MLP) - can be a helpful tool to better understand and delineate the complex processes of change and find new narratives for the energy system transition in the MENA region towards more sustainability....


Strengthening renewable energy expansion with feed-in tariffs

Energy development pathways around the world are driven by different goals which

either alone or in combination determine national energy policies.



Department for Middle East and North Africa
FES Berlin
Hiroshimastraße 28
10785 Berlin


About FES 

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has a network of eleven country offices in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and implements projects in a total of 14 countries. Some offices, such as Egypt or Sudan, look back at a history of more than 40 years of cooperation.

Offices in the Region

Digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the FES Digital Library. Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication.

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Photo: FES Tunisia